Frequently Asked Questions

Read below for FAQs related to the rights procedures within IIRC Bangalore Publications.

Copyright is a legal term on one of a group of intellectual property rights (or laws) that are made for protecting the interests of author(s) or copyright owner(s). In other words, these laws give author(s)/owner(s) exclusive control over the use of their work(s).

When an author signs the IIRC Copyright Form, he/she is transferring ownership of the copyright rights in the work to the IIRC Bngalore. In other words, the IIRC becomes owner of the paper when the author signs, dates and submits a corresponding IIRC Copyright Form.

No. IIRC policy allows authors to submit previously posted papers to IIRC publications for consideration as long as authors are able to transfer copyright to IIRC, i.e., they had not transferred copyright to another party prior to submission.

A trademark is a name, title or graphic design intended to identify an entity or product. When a trademark is registered with the INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE, INDIA or U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, broadly exclusive rights are obtained by the owner.

Copyright rights protect the author(s) on particular expression of an idea, but not the idea itself.

Trademarks and service marks refer to rights for protecting a name, title or logo or other identifier of an entity or product by law.

Where copyright rights are somewhat exclusive, but trademark laws grant fully exclusive rights to the owner(s).

Infringement occurs when an author's work is reused without the author's approval/permission, even though full author attribution might have accompanied the reuse.

Plagiarism occurs when an author's work has been reused in such a way as to make it appear as someone else's work.

Plagiarism is a serious breach of professional conduct, with potentially severe ethical and legal consequences. Hence, IIRC and its constituent bodies strongly condemn such misconduct and shall vigorously investigate all allegations of plagiarism involving IIRC authors and/or IIRC publications.

In the event an author or publisher brings a charge of plagiarism against an IIRC author or an IIRC publication, the Chief Editor (CE) of the sponsoring entity's publication should become the primary authority to initiate, conduct and finalize a review of the charge.

Fair Use is referring to a set of ideas or concepts intended to limit (under certain circumstances) the exclusive rights of the copyright owner. Even though, because Fair Use is a doctrine and is not a fixed body of law, and no generally applicable definition there.